First Hesse speaks of a subject who wishes to learn, a cognoscente subject, whose tools are observation and reason. Secondly, it tells us about an object that presumably exists, but which the subject needs to take for granted that it exists to study it to the extent of its possibilities. And finally, Hesse alludes to the image or symbol that corresponds to that object and that the subject assimilates as an accessible truth. See then how we learn when a symbol becomes an icon that facilitates the image that we know that there is so much behind the object, and that what it all means is understood by just seeing its shape.
“It is interesting that, in order to arrive at the truth, men will take the action of knowing so seriously. The path of this process was traced for our times by a modern philosopher, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) Of the above-named ones and their way of seeing the truth, has created a discussion of having been in a congress all together, but the fact that some have read the others and understood them even though they were not all contemporaries, their discernment about the same word And its meaning, helps us to understand how complicated it was then, as now, however, the human being in his desire to grow know and understand, he does not stop arguing, thinking, elucidating and trying to elucidate about the same thing to see if in a Of these, he achieves that his sentence on that word is trying to explain, may at least in his time become as understood as he wishes.
“This is how Kant inaugurates a new philosophical discipline, which we know today as Theory of Knowledge.” Kant makes sense from the publication of his Critique of Pure Reason (1781), where he asks whether knowledge is possible under what Conditions are possible, with what assumptions it is possible, and if indeed we can call all this knowledge. ”
Kant offers us reason as a tool for knowledge; Divides the world into natural and moral (ideal), giving rise to two types of knowledge; And more importantly, describes the truth as an assumption and not as an absolute certainty.
From the point of view of the subject, the knowledge starts from the doubt and from the necessity that generates the subject to solve this doubt, either by simple curiosity or by the desire to solve a problem. The subject matters since it is the person who conducts the process. Their inquiries may be as basic or as systematic as it suits the purposes pursued, although in both cases knowledge takes the form of more or less certain, plausible, credible, common explanations.
The other part of the equation, the object of study, is the rarest in its nature. It can be something physical or immaterial, natural or artificial, complex or relatively simple. Does not matter. Whatever it is, it is the conclusion to which the subject will arrive. What is important is that his alleged existence be taken for granted, in order to ascertain the conditions of that existence, the characteristics that are his own, and everything else that is possible to learn.
With regard to the last point, it should be clarified that the image of which Hesse speaks exists on the symbolic plane, represented graphically or ideally, from symbols. These symbols are at the same time concepts, definitions, types with which we classify behaviors, objects, situations, etc. That is why it is important to study from the point of view of language, which determines and determines the knowledge itself.